MongoDB整合Spring 详细讲解(含代码)

写这篇文章也做了下思考,首先是本人技术欠佳。但就是喜欢研究一些东西。因为在此之前有很多的朋友已经写过类似的,很多我也看过,但是讲解的不够深入。对有些朋友提出的问题不能给出答案。在这里,我根据我目前的能力对其进行整理。并最终运行成功。

在测试过程中出现过一下问题:

1、org/springframework/data/mapping/context/MappingContextAware

2、src-resolve: Cannot resolve the name 'repository:repository' to a(n) 'type definition'

以上都是版本不匹配引起的。特别是第二个错误我看有些解决时候提到了jpa,但是我这里没有使用jpa后来我是把spring-data-commons的包替换了个版本就不出现了。

我先说下我的开发环境:

myeclipse 6.5

mongodb 2.0.8

spring 3.0.4 

最后就是下面2个(这两个版本不对就容易出现各种各样的,杂七杂八的问题) 这里我就给出我所采用的版本

spring-data-document

spring-data-commons

有所改变所有版本必须要对应好下面是jar下载地址
http://www.springsource.org/spring-data/mongodb
http://www.springsource.org/spring-data/commons

下载版本分别为:

spring-data-commons-dist-1.4.0.M1

spring-data-document-1.0.0.M2.zip
下面给出我工程的图片

 

然后就开始我们开发之旅吧!

首先新建application.xml配置文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"  
          xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"  
          xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"  
          xmlns:mongo="http://www.springframework.org/schema/data/mongo"  
          xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context   
          http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd   
          http://www.springframework.org/schema/data/mongo   
          http://www.springframework.org/schema/data/mongo/spring-mongo-1.0.xsd   
          http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans   
          http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd">   
    
		<mongo:mongo host="192.168.0.138" port="27017"/>
		
		
	
	   <bean id="mongoTemplate" class="org.springframework.data.document.mongodb.MongoTemplate">   
	    <constructor-arg ref="mongo"/>   
	    <constructor-arg name="databaseName" value="db"/>   
	    <constructor-arg name="defaultCollectionName" value="person" />   
	  </bean>   
   	
   	 <bean id="personRepository" class="com.mongo.dao.impl.PersonRepository">   
        <property name="mongoTemplate" ref="mongoTemplate"></property>   
    </bean>   
   	
  	 <context:annotation-config />
 		
</beans> 
	


然后编写操作mongodb的接口

/**
 * AbstractRepository.java
 * 版权所有(C) 2012 
 * 创建:cuiran 2012-12-12 11:40:40
 */
package com.mongo.dao;

import java.util.List;

import com.mongo.bean.Person;

/**
 * TODO
 * @author cuiran
 * @version TODO
 */
public interface AbstractRepository {
	
	/**
	 * 
	 *<b>function:</b>添加对象
	 * @author cuiran
	 * @createDate 2012-12-12 11:41:30
	 */
	public void insert(Person person); 
	
	/**
	 * 
	 *<b>function:</b>根据ID查找对象
	 * @author cuiran
	 * @createDate 2012-12-12 11:41:41
	 */
    public Person findOne(String id);   
    /**
     * 
     *<b>function:</b>查询所有
     * @author cuiran
     * @createDate 2012-12-12 16:26:06
     */
    public List<Person> findAll();   
    
    public List<Person> findByRegex(String regex);
    /**
     * 
     *<b>function:</b>删除指定的ID对象
     * @author cuiran
     * @createDate 2012-12-12 16:26:16
     */
    public void removeOne(String id);   
    /**
     * 
     *<b>function:</b>删除所有
     * @author cuiran
     * @createDate 2012-12-12 16:25:40
     */
    public void removeAll();   
    /**
     * 通过ID找到并修改
     *<b>function:</b>
     * @author cuiran
     * @createDate 2012-12-12 16:25:51
     */
    public void findAndModify(String id);   

	
}


再写对应接口的实现类:

/**
 * PersonRepository.java
 * 版权所有(C) 2012 
 * 创建:cuiran 2012-12-12 11:42:51
 */
package com.mongo.dao.impl;

import java.util.List;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;

import org.springframework.data.document.mongodb.MongoTemplate;
import org.springframework.data.document.mongodb.query.Criteria;
import org.springframework.data.document.mongodb.query.Query;
import org.springframework.data.document.mongodb.query.Update;
import com.mongo.bean.Person;
import com.mongo.dao.AbstractRepository;

/**
 * TODO
 * @author cuiran
 * @version TODO
 */
public class PersonRepository implements AbstractRepository {

	  private MongoTemplate mongoTemplate;   

	/* (non-Javadoc)
	 * @see com.mongo.dao.AbstractRepository#findAll()
	 */
	@Override
	public List<Person> findAll() {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		return getMongoTemplate().find(new Query(), Person.class);   

	}

	/* (non-Javadoc)
	 * @see com.mongo.dao.AbstractRepository#findAndModify(java.lang.String)
	 */
	@Override
	public void findAndModify(String id) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		//new Query(Criteria.where("id").is(id)), new Update().inc("age", 3)
		
		getMongoTemplate().updateFirst(new Query(Criteria.where("id").is(id)), new Update().inc("age", 3));

	}

	/* (non-Javadoc)
	 * @see com.mongo.dao.AbstractRepository#findByRegex(java.lang.String)
	 */
	@Override
	public List<Person> findByRegex(String regex) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		 Pattern pattern = Pattern.compile(regex,Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);   
	      Criteria criteria = new Criteria("name").regex(pattern.toString());   
	        return getMongoTemplate().find(new Query(criteria), Person.class);   

	}

	/* (non-Javadoc)
	 * @see com.mongo.dao.AbstractRepository#findOne(java.lang.String)
	 */
	@Override
	public Person findOne(String id) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		 return getMongoTemplate().findOne(new Query(Criteria.where("id").is(id)), Person.class);   

	}

	/* (non-Javadoc)
	 * @see com.mongo.dao.AbstractRepository#insert(com.mongo.bean.Person)
	 */
	@Override
	public void insert(Person person) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		getMongoTemplate().insert(person);   
	}

	/* (non-Javadoc)
	 * @see com.mongo.dao.AbstractRepository#removeAll()
	 */
	@Override
	public void removeAll() {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		List<Person> list = this.findAll();   
        if(list != null){   
            for(Person person : list){   
                getMongoTemplate().remove(person);   
            }   
        }   

	}

	/* (non-Javadoc)
	 * @see com.mongo.dao.AbstractRepository#removeOne(java.lang.String)
	 */
	@Override
	public void removeOne(String id) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		Criteria criteria = Criteria.where("id").in(id);   
        if(criteria == null){   
             Query query = new Query(criteria);   
             if(query != null && getMongoTemplate().findOne(query, Person.class) != null)   
                 getMongoTemplate().remove(getMongoTemplate().findOne(query, Person.class));   
        }   

	}

	/**
	 * @return the mongoTemplate
	 */
	public MongoTemplate getMongoTemplate() {
		return mongoTemplate;
	}

	/**
	 * @param mongoTemplate the mongoTemplate to set
	 */
	public void setMongoTemplate(MongoTemplate mongoTemplate) {
		this.mongoTemplate = mongoTemplate;
	}

}

这里也给出对应Person对象代码

/**
 * Person.java
 * 版权所有(C) 2012 
 * 创建:cuiran 2012-12-12 11:37:16
 */
package com.mongo.bean;

import java.io.Serializable;

/**
 * TODO
 * @author cuiran
 * @version TODO
 */
public class Person implements Serializable {

	/**
	 * 
	 */
	private static final long serialVersionUID = 3617931430808763429L;
	
	private String id;   
    private String name;   
    private int age;
	public Person() {
		super();
	}
	public Person(String id, String name, int age) {
		super();
		this.id = id;
		this.name = name;
		this.age = age;
	}
	/**
	 * @return the id
	 */
	public String getId() {
		return id;
	}
	/**
	 * @param id the id to set
	 */
	public void setId(String id) {
		this.id = id;
	}
	/**
	 * @return the name
	 */
	public String getName() {
		return name;
	}
	/**
	 * @param name the name to set
	 */
	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}
	/**
	 * @return the age
	 */
	public int getAge() {
		return age;
	}
	/**
	 * @param age the age to set
	 */
	public void setAge(int age) {
		this.age = age;
	}
	/**
	 * 
	 * @param name
	 * @param age
	 */
	public Person(String name, int age) {
		super();
		this.name = name;
		this.age = age;
	}   

	 public String toString() {   
	        return "Person[id="+id+",name="+name+",age="+age+"]";   
	    }   


}

最后写出我们的测试类开始进行测试

/**
 * MongoTest.java
 * 版权所有(C) 2012 
 * 创建:cuiran 2012-12-12 11:54:30
 */
package com.mongo.test;

import java.util.List;

import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

import com.mongo.bean.Person;
import com.mongo.dao.AbstractRepository;
import com.mongo.dao.impl.PersonRepository;



/**
 * TODO
 * @author cuiran
 * @version TODO
 */
public class MongoTest {

	private static Log log = LogFactory.getLog(MongoTest.class.getName());
	
	private  AbstractRepository pr=null;
	
	/**
	 * 
	 *<b>function:</b>
	 * @author cuiran
	 * @createDate 2012-12-12 16:08:02
	 */
	public void init(){
		 log.debug("开始启动");
		 ApplicationContext ctx = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("applicationContext.xml");
		  pr= (PersonRepository)ctx.getBean("personRepository");
		 
		
		
	}
	/**
	 * 
	 *<b>function:</b>添加
	 * @author cuiran
	 * @createDate 2012-12-12 16:11:01
	 */
	public void insert(){
		
		Person p=new Person("cuiran",27);
		 pr.insert(p);
		 log.debug("添加成功");
	}
	/**
	 * 
	 *<b>function:</b>根据输入的ID查找对象
	 * @author cuiran
	 * @createDate 2012-12-12 16:24:10
	 */
	public void findOne(){
		String id="50c83cb552c2ceb0463177d6";
		Person p= pr.findOne(id);
		log.debug(p);
	}
	
	
	/**
	 * 
	 *<b>function:</b>查询所有
	 * @author cuiran
	 * @createDate 2012-12-12 16:08:54
	 */
	public void listAll(){
		
		List<Person> list=pr.findAll();
		log.debug("查询结果如下:");
		for (Person p:list){
			log.debug(p.toString());
		}
		
		
	}
	
	/**
	 * 
	 *<b>function:</b>测试方法
	 * @author cuiran
	 * @createDate 2012-12-12 16:11:37
	 */
	public void start(){
		init();
		
		//insert();
		//listAll();
		
		findOne();
	}
	
	/**
	 *<b>function:</b>main函数
	 * @author cuiran
	 * @createDate 2012-12-12 11:54:30
	 */
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		MongoTest t=new MongoTest();
		t.start();
	}

}


运行出现一下日志,就没什么问题。

2012-12-12 16:23:59:DEBUG com.mongo.test.MongoTest - 开始启动
2012-12-12 16:23:59:INFO org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext - Refreshing org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext@253498: startup date [Wed Dec 12 16:23:59 CST 2012]; root of context hierarchy
2012-12-12 16:23:59:INFO org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader - Loading XML bean definitions from class path resource [applicationContext.xml]
2012-12-12 16:24:00:INFO org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory - Pre-instantiating singletons in org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory@12a0f6c: defining beans [mongo,mongoTemplate,personRepository,org.springframework.context.annotation.internalConfigurationAnnotationProcessor,org.springframework.context.annotation.internalAutowiredAnnotationProcessor,org.springframework.context.annotation.internalRequiredAnnotationProcessor,org.springframework.context.annotation.internalCommonAnnotationProcessor]; root of factory hierarchy
2012-12-12 16:24:00:DEBUG com.mongo.test.MongoTest - Person[id=50c83cb552c2ceb0463177d6,name=cuiran,age=27]


 

由于这些程序只是作为测试使用,对出现的问题, 欢迎留言咨询。谢谢大家。

 在此附上demo源码欢迎朋友下载学习  

百度网盘:http://pan.baidu.com/s/188Lnr


 

 

 

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